It’s removed from breaking information that Kanye West is a mama’s boy. Lengthy earlier than his debut album, The School Dropout, West wrote a music to his mom, Donda, entitled “Hey Mama,” which he premiered on The Oprah Winfrey Present in 2005. Final 12 months, West named his tenth studio album Donda, launched 14 years after his mom’s surprising and tragic loss of life. It included clips of her speeches and a mournful 50-second a capella chant of her title.
Whereas Kanye has sung and spoken a lot about Donda over time, their relationship has maybe by no means been chronicled with as a lot readability and emotional resonance as it’s in Jeen-Yuhs, a three-part docuseries about West that arrives on Netflix on Feb. 16. (Jeen-Yuhs is produced by TIME Studios, the movie and tv division of TIME.) The docuseries reveals many features of West’s profession: his shattering of early ’00s hip-hop conventions; his perseverance following a devastating automotive crash; his current political ambitions. However above all, Jeen-Yuhs exhibits how Donda West deeply formed every of these sides of Kanye’s life and lots of extra, serving because the driving power behind his creativity, spirituality, self-confidence, and ambition.
Right here’s how Donda West impacted her son and the world, as seen within the documentary and elsewhere.
Learn extra: The Inside Story Behind the Kanye Docuseries Two A long time within the Making
Donda grew up in Oklahoma Metropolis, the daughter of Portwood Williams, a shoe shiner and cotton picker who quickly labored his manner as much as turn into an upholstery businessman within the segregated metropolis. (“My mama was raised within the period when / clear water was solely served to the fairer pores and skin,” West raps on “New Slaves.”) Within the Nineteen Fifties, Portwood took Donda and her brother to a few of the first U.S. lunch counter sit-ins to protest segregation, instilling in them the significance of preventing for justice and equality.
In 1973, Donda married the photographer Ray West in Atlanta; Kanye was born 4 years later. However when Kanye was a toddler, Ray started drifting away, exhibiting extra curiosity in his profession than his household, in keeping with Donda. The couple divorced in 1980, with Donda and Kanye transferring to Chicago. “I typically say that we had a terrific marriage and a terrific divorce,” Donda wrote in her 2007 memoir, Elevating Kanye.
In Chicago, Donda grew to become a college member at Chicago State College. She and Kanye moved homes continuously, with the younger Kanye alternately pushing Donda in the direction of and away from her romantic pursuits. (“You by no means put no man over me / And I like you for that, mommy, can’t you see?” he rapped on “Hey Mama.”) Kanye’s inventive expertise was apparent early on—he received native expertise exhibits on a perennial foundation—as was his penchant for rejecting the established order. He would purposely colour fruit the fallacious colour to problem perceptions: purple bananas, blue oranges. Donda checked out these transgressions with amusement and approval: “I by no means criticized him for it. I figured I’d simply nurture the creativity,” she wrote.
Donda and Kanye spent about eight years at a home on South Shore and 78th, the place Jeen-Yuhs filmmaker Coodie Simmons captured them sitting on the stoops and reminiscing about that period. In a prescient twist, their household canine’s title was “Genius.” Kanye marveled about how small the home regarded to him now, joking that he may contact each partitions of his room by spreading his arms. Final 12 months, Kanye constructed a duplicate of the home for his Donda listening occasion at Soldier Discipline in Chicago.
Kanye’s Greatest Champion
When Kanye began rapping as a teen, Donda was his greatest booster. That is evident in Jeen-Yuhs when Donda, unprompted, begins performing considered one of Kanye’s earliest highschool raps, which begins out, “It’s cool to be recognized for my rapping skill.” She tells her son that he performs “tracks like Micheal Jordan shoots free throws,” and partly three, enthusiastically raps all of “Hey Mama,” alongside him, beaming ear-to-ear.
Lengthy earlier than Kanye was rankling the general public with what many deemed conceitedness, Donda was fortunately nurturing this wholesome shallowness, believing it to be one of many keys towards success. “I didn’t sit down and inform him, ‘You need to be the most effective.’ I simply at all times thought he was,” she explains in Elevating Kanye. “This, I imagine, bolstered his confidence and his enthusiasm in all that he did … conceitedness is within the eye of the beholder.”
Donda’s help was way over solely emotional. When Kanye was 14, Donda gave him a Christmas reward of $1,000, which he used to purchase a brand new keyboard. He was quickly making booming beats of their home day and night time. Donda additionally helped him forge two essential connections: to the producer No I.D., whose mom labored alongside Donda at Chicago State College; and to the producer Doug Infinite, who was considered one of Donda’s former college students. Each served as Kanye’s mentors to develop his manufacturing chops and sound.
“Mothers are at all times like, ‘Right here’s somebody that you must assist,’” No I.D. instructed Billboard in 2014. “I understood, checked it out, and it was him. He was simply studying learn how to make music, however he was essentially the most persistent one that I’ve ever met.”
Kanye quickly outpaced each mentors and determined to maneuver to Newark to be nearer to hip-hop’s energy middle. Donda, after all, would accompany him on the lengthy drive: “Me and my mama hopped in that U-Haul van,” he rapped in 2005’s “Contact the Sky.” Their journey from Chicago to Newark can be documented in Kanye’s music “Final Name,” by which Donda herself will be heard telling Kanye, “Kanye, child, we’re right here.”
A number of years later, Simmons would seize Kanye getting right into a spat with Doug Infinite when the latter felt slighted by Kanye in a information article. Kanye responded by telling a neighborhood radio station, “The one particular person I owe one thing is my mom.” And after Kanye laid down his first Roc-a-Fella efficiency, on the 2002 Jay-Z music “The Bounce,” he mumbled within the studio to nobody specifically: “A good distance from rapping at my mama’s home.”
When Kanye grew to become a pop supernova, he grew even nearer to his mom. Donda grew to become his supervisor; the chair of the Kanye West Basis, which was later renamed the Donda West Basis; and the CEO of Tremendous Good, the dad or mum firm of Kanye West Enterprises. Mockingly, earlier than “good” grew to become a key phrase in Kanye’s lexicon, serving because the title for his label G.O.O.D. Music, Jeen-Yuhs exhibits Kanye ribbing Donda when she makes use of the phrase “good,” telling her that the phrase is “so previous.”
In 2007, Donda died following issues from liposuction and breast-reduction surgical procedure. Kanye’s grief has plagued him for years, manifesting in songs and interviews, most wrenchingly in 2008’s “Pinocchio Story,” which paints his public rise as entwined with Donda’s loss of life. In 2015, he instructed Q Journal that he nonetheless blamed himself for her loss of life: “If I had by no means moved to L.A. she’d be alive. I don’t need to go far into it as a result of it should deliver me to tears,” he stated.
In 2013, Kanye wrote the hymn-like “Solely One” from her perspective, saying the music’s lyrics got here to him in a quasi-fugue state as if she was talking on to him. The album Donda is crammed with references to her and clips of her voice, together with her studying of the essay “Who Am I” by Marya Mannes. On “Jesus Lord,” Kanye sings: “Mama, you was the lifetime of the social gathering … While you misplaced your life, it took the life out the social gathering.”
Donda’s liveliness is greater than evident in Jeen-Yuhs. She overflows with exuberance and pleasure after Kanye’s efficiency on Def Poetry Jam. And in considered one of Jeen-Yuhs’ strongest scenes, she teaches Kanye a lesson about humility: “The large appears to be like within the mirror and sees nothing,” she tells him, as he appears to be like at her wide-eyed. “I believe the best way you might be is basically simply good. However on the similar time, bear in mind to remain on the bottom. You will be within the air on the similar time.”
That footage was nearly by no means launched: Simmons, in an interview with TIME, stated he forgot the clip existed for greater than a decade and by accident stumbled throughout it through the Trump period. “It was nearly like that footage simply appeared from Mama West for me to ship to Kanye,” he says. “I despatched him an e-mail, with the topic line: ‘Your mom needed me to ship you this.’ It took him a minute to reply, however he FaceTimed me and was like, ‘I by no means would have thought in 1,000,000 years she stated that.’”