Shinzo Abe’s Political Legacy Will Live on Beyond Japan

On July 8, the world learned that Shinzo Abe, Japan’s former prime minister, had been murdered during a public appearance in the Japanese city of Nara. Though Abe had no current formal role in Japan’s government, he was campaigning on behalf of a local parliamentary candidate who was only too happy to have Japan’s reigning political heavyweight speaking to voters on his behalf.

This news is shocking and horrifying. Japan is considered one of the most secure countries on the planet. Its gun laws are among the world’s most strict. The world is aware that more people own guns in America than Japan, but firearms are still extremely rare in Japan. In a nation of 128million people, only 192,000 licenses were available for firearms. In 2021 there were 10 shootings, which killed or injures people, and also damaged property. Only one person was injured or killed.

Learn More Shinzo Abe Rewrote Japan’s Place in the World. And remained a power broker until the very end

Shinzo Abe was a remarkable leader, and it’s no accident that he was Japan’s longest-serving prime minister. His charisma, the force of his personality, and his formidable political talent gave him a lasting place in his country’s public imagination. In his first tenure as prime minister (2006-2007), he was Japan’s youngest PM since World War II. He provided strong leadership at the global stage, something Japan hasn’t often done.

The Yomiuri Shimbun special edition reports the death of Shinzo Abe, Japan’s former prime minister. It is available in Tokyo, Japan, on July 8, 2022.

Kim Kyung-Hoon—Reuters

The legacy of his presidency will be a combination of a bold domestic reform program and an expansive foreign policy. The first two arrows of his “Abenomics” economic reform plan, which used a surge in state spending and super-easy monetary policy to try to kickstart Japan’s stagnant economy, produced results that were positive but inconsistent—and the country’s debt increased dramatically. But his third arrow, structural reform, brought more people, particularly young women, into the country’s workforce and eased rules that have sharply restricted entry for migrant workers, as well.

Abe’s forceful foreign policy inspired both national self-confidence in Japan and considerable controversy. The United States was his strong and unapologetic ally. He went to extraordinary lengths to overcome protectionist pressures within Japan to support the Obama Administration’s Trans-Pacific Partnership on trade—and took leadership of the plan when American political leaders of both parties renounced it.

His conviction that Japan must play a more forceful political, economic, and even military role in Asia in response to the rapid expansion of China’s regional influence helped pave the way for establishment of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, a grouping of the U.S., Japan, India, and Australia that realizes Abe’s call for a “free and open Indo-Pacific strategy.” Here, the strength of the relationship Abe built with India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi, with whom he shared a deep mistrust of China, was crucial. Even more challenging for Abe was his ever-evolving relationship with Donald Trump, which depended as much on the prime minister’s patience and flexibility as on his personal commitment to U.S.-Japanese ties.

On February 10, 2017, President Donald Trump met with Shinzo Abe, the Japanese Prime Minister.

Mario Tama—Getty Images

Abe’s push to amend Japan’s pacifist constitution to give Japan a more assertive military role in East Asia provoked controversy both at home and abroad, particularly in China. Though his plan hasn’t yet been realized, current prime minister Fumio Kishida, is still pushing in the same direction.

Learn More How the World Is Reacting to Shinzo Abe’s Death

It’s for that reason that China’s response to Abe’s murder is crucial. The Chinese leadership has expressed shock and sorrow at the assassination, but Chinese officials have so far done little to denounce a surge of celebration and mockery in response to Abe’s death among nationalists active in Chinese social media, including on forums attached to China Central Television.

Japan has the good news that this country, which must absorb this loss, is blessed by a sense of unity and political resilience that are rare among other G7 members. As the U.S. Congress investigates an attempt by a defeated president to launch a coup in Washington, and the sorry spectacle of Boris Johnson’s scandal-plagued premiership limps to its conclusion in the U.K., Japan’s political dignity will continue despite this horror. An outpouring of sympathy will likely boost the Liberal Democratic Party’s standing in upcoming parliamentary elections, strengthening Prime Minister Kishida’s ability to deliver on some of Shinzo Abe’s political and policy goals.

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