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Germany takes Italy to UN’s highest court — Analysis

Germany is trying to prevent Rome’s properties from being taken over in the latest dispute regarding Nazi compensation claims.

In the latest long-running dispute regarding Nazi compensation claims, Germany has sued Italy at the highest UN court. The International Court of Justice (ICJ), revealed Friday.

Germany claimed in the application that Rome continued to permit Nazi war crime victims from Berlin to seek compensation, even though it was declared illegal by the ICJ in 2012. In the claimant’s view, by doing so Italy “has violated, and continues to violate, its obligation to respect Germany’s sovereign immunity.”

Germany believes that Rome must be preserved. “take effective steps”To prevent this “violations”All relevant guarantees are provided to prevent it from ever happening. “to make full reparation”For any injuries caused and to cover “any financially assessable injury resulting from proceedings conducted.”

Berlin claims it knows of at most 25 Third Reich-related criminal cases that have been filed against Germany in domestic Italian courts since 2012’s court decision. Some of these proceedings saw Germany ordered to pay damages. Italian authorities attempted to seize four German-owned properties in Rome that belonged to the German Archaeological Institute or the Goethe Institute, in an effort enforce the rulings.

Germany stated that, despite the confirmation of non-commerciality of these properties from the Italian government by Court of Rome, it has continued with enforcement and will announce on May 25, 2022 whether the buildings are to be sold at public auction.

“Under the circumstances, and as further detailed below, Germany is now compelled to seek provisional measures from the Court in order to safeguard its rights against irreparable harm,” Germany’s application states.

Italy and Germany are at odds over the payment of compensation for Nazi crime crimes. In 2008, Berlin was ordered to compensate nine families who lost their loved ones to Nazism in Tuscany by the top Italian court. Germany argues that since the end of the World War Two and Nazi regime’s defeat it has paid billions of euros to the countries affected in accordance with peace and reparation treaties.

Hearings at the ICJ were not scheduled for an immediate date. The United Nations court’s rulings, which are usually considered for many years, can be legally binding and final.

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