‘Artificial Sun’ hits record temperature — Analysis

China’s clean energy experiment reaches temperature five times hotter than the Sun

A clean energy experiment known as the ‘Artificial Sun’ reached a temperature of 70,000,000C, and held it for more than 17 minutes, during trials in China. This program attempts to replicate natural reactions that occur within stars.

On Thursday, Chinese scientists set a new record, as their Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST), known as the ‘Artificial Sun’, reached and sustained a temperature five times hotter than the Sun, state-run Xinhua News Agency reported. 

Xinhua stated that high-temperature plasma operations were capable of maintaining temperatures above 70,000,000C for more than 17 mins. Our Sun, on the other hand, is thought to have a core temperature of around 15,000,000 C.  

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Gong Xianzu, a Chinese Academy of Sciences researcher (ASIPP), announced the accomplishment on Friday. “The recent operation lays a solid scientific and experimental foundation towards the running of a fusion reactor,”Gong spoke.

EAST is a project that aims to create technology capable of delivering near unlimited clean energy. It mirrors the chemical reactions occurring within stars and our Sun. The experiments are being undertaken in Hefei, the capital of east China’s Anhui Province.

Program uses nuclear fission, which collides atomic nuclei to create massive amounts energy. This replicates the physics of stars. No hazardous waste is left behind, unlike nuclear fission which is commonly used for conventional nuclear power.

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