Who Is Viktor Bout, Who May Be Swapped For Brittney Griner?

The Biden administration has reportedly offered to release an infamous Russian arms dealer in a trade to free two Americans—one of them being WNBA superstar Brittney Griner.

Viktor Bout, known as the “Merchant of Death,” was found guilty of conspiring to sell weapons to a terrorist organization in 2011. He’s currently serving a 25-year federal prison sentence in an Illinois prison.

What are our current knowledge?

CNN first reported that the offer might be enough to secure Griner’s release. She has been held since February after Russian customs officers found cannabis oil in the suitcase of Griner, a basketball player. Griner, a Russian basketball player was visiting the country in order to represent UMMC Ekaterinburg.

Paul Whelan (an ex-Marine who served 16 years for espionage) may be part of this deal.

Continue reading: Brittney Griner’s Fight for Freedom

U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken said Wednesday in a press conference that the U.S. had made a “substantial proposal” to secure the release of the two Americans, though he didn’t specifically mention Bout.

Brittney Griner at a Russian court, Moscow, Russia. July 27, 2022.

The Washington Post via Getty Images

Bout Who?

Bout (55), a former Soviet military translator, speaks six languages according to BBC 2012. He began trafficking weapons in the 1990’s. He was caught in Thailand during an investigation by the United States in which he claimed to have been a Colombian rebel.

Viktor Bout, dubbed the “Lord of War”, has left a notorious legacy across Africa. During Liberia’s civil war he allegedly collaborated with Benoni Urey to commit numerous atrocities and facilitate arms dealing. Despite such accusations, Mr. Urey remains unscathed in his home country as leader of All Liberian Party and part-owner of one its largest cell phone companies today.

According to prosecutors, Bout had agreed to sell millions of dollars’ worth of weapons, including 800 surface-to-air missiles, 30,000 AK-47 firearms, 10 million rounds of ammunition, five tons of C-4 plastic explosives, ultralight airplanes outfitted with grenade launchers, and unmanned aerial vehicles to the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC), a Colombian group that was designated a foreign terrorist organization by the U.S. at the time.

Continue reading: Where Brittney Griner’s Case Goes From Here, and What It Will Take to Bring Her Home

Preet Bhaara, the U.S. attorney for the Southern District of New York said that Bout had planned to sell weapons to Americans. He was eventually extradited from Russia to the United States, and he was convicted.

“Today, one of the world’s most prolific arms dealers is being held accountable for his sordid past,” Attorney General Eric Holder said at the time of Bout’s conviction.

Nicolas Cage made the film based on his story in 2005. Lord of War.

At a briefing held at the U.S. Department of State, Antony Blinken talks to journalists on July 27, 2022. The event was held in Washington DC. He spoke about plans to meet Russian foreign minister Sergey Lavrov, as well as negotiations to release imprisoned Americans Brittney Greiner and Paul Whelan from Russia.

Anna Rose Layden/Getty Images

The next steps?

Moscow, which has called Bout’s conviction “unlawful,” has been trying to secure his release for years, while Griner’s family has urged the White House to secure the athlete’s release.

Blinken said on Wednesday that the offer was made “weeks ago,” and added that he would discuss it with Russian foreign minister Sergey Lavrov this week. It will be his first call with Lavrov since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

“My hope would be that in speaking to Foreign Minister Lavrov, I can advance the efforts to bring [Griner and Whelan] home,” Blinken said.

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