(KYIV, Ukraine) — Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said no one knows how long the war in his country will last but that Ukrainian forces are defying expectations by preventing Russian troops from overrunning eastern Ukraine, where the fighting has been fiercest for weeks.
Zelensky stated that he was proud of Ukrainian defenders’ ability to stop the Russian advance into the Donbas, which is bordered Russia. This region has been occupied by Moscow-backed separatists for the past eight years.
“Remember how in Russia, in the beginning of May, they hoped to seize all of the Donbas?” the president said late Saturday. “It’s already the 108th day of the war, already June. Donbas is holding on.”
After failing to capture Kyiv, Ukraine’s capital, early in the war, Moscow focused on seizing the parts of the largely Russian-speaking Donbas still in Ukrainian hands, as well as the country’s southern coast. But instead of securing a swift, decisive takeover, Russian forces were drawn into a long, laborious battle, thanks in part to the Ukrainian military’s use of Western-supplied weapons.
Russian and Ukrainian officials both confirmed that Sievierodonetsk – an eastern city of over 100,000 people prewar – was not under Russian control. The city and neighboring Lysychansk are the last major areas of the Donbas’ Luhansk province not under the control of the pro-Russia rebels.
Leonid Pasechnik, the head of the separatist-declared Luhansk People’s Republic, said Ukrainian fighters remained in an industrial area of the city, including a chemical plant where civilians had taken shelter during a weeks-long Russian bombardment.
“Sievierodonetsk is not completely 100% liberated,” Pasechnik said Saturday, alleging that the Ukrainians were shelling the city from the Azot plant. “So it’s impossible to call the situation calm in Sievierodonetsk, that it is completely ours.”
Luhansk Gov. Serhii Haidai said Saturday that the fire started at the plant after hours of Russian bombardment. Haidai reported Sunday through Telegram on the messaging app Telegram, that Russian forces had continued to shell the chemical plant area and damaged a second bridge between Lysychansk and Sieverodonetsk.
He did not address how many soldiers or civilians were holed up in the plant or a separatist envoy’s claim that some civilians were able to leave.
Governor. Three civilians were killed by Russian bombardment of Kharkiv regional settlements to the north of the capital. Oleh Syniehubov stated Sunday.
According to Zelensky, Russians were forced out of some areas of Ukraine’s southern Kherson region by a counteroffensive. This was despite having taken the area early in the conflict. Moscow installed authorities in Kherson, and other areas along the coast, and offered residents Russian passports. They also broadcast Russian news and took steps to create a Russian school curriculum.
Zelensky said that while an end to the war was not in sight, Ukraine should do everything it can so the Russians “regret everything that they have done and that they answer for every killing and every strike on our beautiful state.”
The Ukrainian leader asserted that Russia has suffered about three times as many military casualties as the number estimated for the Ukrainian side, adding: “For what? What did it get you, Russia?” There are no reliable independent estimates of the war’s death toll so far.
Speaking at a defense conference in Singapore on Sunday, Chinese Defense Minister Gen. Wei Fenghe said Beijing continues to support peace talks between Russia and Ukraine, and hopes the U.S. and its NATO allies have discussions with Russia “to create the conditions for an early ceasefire.”
“China will continue to play a constructive role and contribute our share to easing tensions and realizing a political resolution of the crisis,” Wei said.
He suggested that nations supplying weapons to Ukraine were hindering peace by “adding fuel to the fire” and stressed that China had not provided any material support to Russia during the war.
“The growth of China-Russia relations is a partnership, not an alliance,” Wei said.
Pope Francis urged the faithful in St. Peter’s Square to keep praying and fighting for peace in Ukraine as the war reached its 109th day.
“The passing of time does not cool our pain and our concern for that battered population,” Francis said Sunday. “Please, let’s not get used to this tragic reality. Keep it close to the heart.”
The Institute for the Study of War, a think tank based in Washington, said in its latest assessment that Ukrainian intelligence suggested the Russian military was planning “to fight a longer war.”
The institute cited the deputy head of Ukraine’s national security agency as saying that Moscow had extended its war timeline until October, with adjustments to be made depending on any successes in the Donbas.
The intelligence “likely indicates the Kremlin has, at a minimum, acknowledged it cannot achieve its objectives in Ukraine quickly and is further adjusting its military objectives in an attempt to correct the initial deficiencies in the invasion of Ukraine,” the think tank said.
The Luhansk People’s Republic’s ambassador to Russia, Rodion Miroshnik, said Saturday that 300 to 400 Ukrainian troops remained blockaded inside the Sievierodonetsk chemical plant along with several hundred civilians.
Miroshnik stated that the Russians had made contact with Ukrainian troops in order to organize the evacuation of civilians. However, the troops would only be permitted to depart if the soldiers surrendered to their forces.
The conditions at Mariupol, a southern Ukrainian steel mill, were similar for several weeks before an evacuation of civilians was ordered and the troops defending the city’s streets forced to surrender. Russians took the fighters from the Mariupol facility prisoner.
Pasechnik, the leader of the Luhansk separatist group, stated that Ukrainians who took a stand for Sievierodonetsk could save their lives.
“If I were them, I would already make a decision (to surrender),” he said. “We will achieve our goal in any case. In any situation, we will free the industrial zone. In every case, Sievierodonetsk will be freed. Lysychansk will be ours in any case.”
David Rising from Bangkok, Colleen Barton in Milan and Colleen Barry both contributed.
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