Vladimir Putin Meets Xi Jinping on the SCO Summit Sidelines
SAMARKAND, Uzbekistan — Russian President Vladimir Putin thanked Chinese leader Xi Jinping on Thursday for his “balanced” approach to the Ukrainian crisis and blasted Washington’s “ugly” policies at a meeting that followed a major setback for Moscow on the battlefield.
Speaking at the start of talks with Xi in Uzbekistan, Putin said he was ready to discuss unspecified “concerns” by China about Ukraine.
“We highly appreciate the well-balanced position of our Chinese friends in connection with the Ukrainian crisis,” Putin said, facing Xi across a long table.
“We understand your questions and your concerns in this regard, and we certainly will offer a detailed explanation of our stand on this issue during today’s meeting, even though we already talked about it earlier,” he added.
Putin’s rare mention of Chinese worries comes as Beijing has been anxious about the impact of volatile oil prices and economic uncertainty due to the war in Ukraine that has dragged on for nearly seven months.
They met at the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, which includes India and Pakistan as well as four ex-Soviet countries in Central Asia. As a counterweight against U.S. influences, the security alliance was formed.
A Chinese government statement issued after the meeting didn’t specifically mention Ukraine, but said Xi promised “strong support” to Russia’s “core interests.” While the statement gave no details, Beijing uses “core interests” to describe issues such as national sovereignty and the ruling Communist Party’s claim to Taiwan, over which it is willing to go to war.
U.S. State Department spokesperson Ned Price called Putin’s apparent admission “striking,” but said that China’s concerns are not surprising given its verbal gymnastics to avoid criticizing the Russian invasion.
“It is somewhat curious that President Putin would be the one to admit it and to admit it so openly,” Price said in Washington, D.C.
Speaking after the meeting, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said the assessments of the international situation by Moscow and Beijing “fully coincide. We don’t have any differences.”
He added that both countries “will continue coordinating our actions, including at the upcoming United Nations General Assembly.”
Lavrov described the talks as “excellent,” saying they were “very businesslike and concrete, involving a discussion of tasks for various ministries and agencies.”
Biden’s administration called the Putin-Xi negotiations part of a rapprochement which has concerned Washington.
’We’ve made clear our concerns about the depth of China’s alignment and ties with Russia,” White House press secretary Karine Jean-Pierre said, adding that Thursday’s meeting “is an example of that alignment.”
Xi’s government, which said it had a “no-limits” friendship with Moscow before the Feb. 24 invasion of Ukraine, has refused to criticize Russia’s military actions. China and India continue to buy more Russian oil, gas and fuel. This helps Moscow counter the Western sanctions that were imposed after the invasion.
The West is moving to place a price ceiling on Russian oil and gas resources, and possibly cut Russia’s imports entirely, according to observers.
Moscow is supporting China in its efforts to build an alliance. This comes amid growing tensions between the U.S. and Russia following Nancy Pelosi’s recent trip to Taiwan.
“We condemn the provocations of the U.S. and its satellites in the Taiwan Strait,” Putin told Xi.
Along with Russian’s attack on Ukraine, the summit is taking place against the backdrop of hostilities between Armenia and Azerbaijan not far from Uzbekistan, as well as strains in China’s relations with Washington, Europe, Japan and India due to disputes over technology, security and territory.
Putin blasted the United States’ attempts to control global affairs and the allies of it during his one-on-1 talks with Xi.
“Attempts to create a unipolar world have recently taken an absolutely ugly shape. They are absolutely unacceptable for the vast majority of countries on the globe,” he said in opening remarks.
“The tandem of Moscow and Beijing plays a key role in ensuring global and regional stability,” Putin said. “We jointly stand for forming a just, democratic and multipolar world based on international law and the central role of the United Nations, not rules invented by some who try to enforce them on others without explaining what they are.”
Xi was more careful, saying that “in the face of changes in the world, times and history, China is willing to work with Russia to reflect the responsibility of a major country, play a leading role and inject stability into a troubled and interconnected world.”
After Russia pulled its troops from large areas of northeastern Ukraine last Wednesday, the Ukrainians responded quickly. Ukraine regaining control of several Russian-occupied cities and villages represented Moscow’s largest setback since its forces had to retreat from areas near the capital early in the war.
The SCO summit in the ancient city of Samarkand is part of Xi’s first foreign trip since the start of the coronavirus pandemic 2 1/2 years ago, underscoring Beijing’s desire to assert itself as a regional power.
Putin met also with Ebrahim Raisi of Iran, who is currently on the path to joining the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. Raisi said Moscow and Tehran were finalizing a major treaty that would bring their relations to a “strategic level.”
At the beginning of their meeting, both Putin and Raisi criticized the U.S. Raisi accused the U.S. of breaching its obligations under Iran’s nuclear deal with world powers. Putin gibed American officials, saying “They are masters of their word — they give it and then take it back whenever they want.”
Russian President Vladimir Putin also visited Central Asian leaders, and arranged a meeting with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi Friday.
Modi and Xi were not expected to meet. Relations between India and China are strained due to clashes between the countries’ soldiers from a border dispute involving a remote area of the Himalayas.
Putin is also scheduled to meet with Turkish President Recep Tyyip Erdan and Azerbaijan’s President Ilham Aliyev. Turkey and Azerbaijan have the status of “dialogue partners” with the SCO.
This week saw the onset of cross-border fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan. The conflict resulted in the deaths of 176 soldiers on each side. It was the worst hostilities for nearly two decades among the long-standing adversaries. Moscow has been in an uncertain position due to the fighting, despite its efforts to keep close ties between both countries.
Putin’s meeting with Erdogan will be closely watched for their statements on Ukraine and a July deal brokered by Turkey and the U.N. to clear the way for exports of grain and other agricultural products that were stuck at Ukraine’s Black Sea ports after the invasion.
The Chinese leader is promoting a “Global Security Initiative” announced in April following the formation of the Quad by the U.S., Japan, Australia and India in response to Beijing’s more assertive foreign policy. Xi has given few details, but U.S. officials complain it echoes Russian arguments in support of Moscow’s actions in Ukraine.
The region is part of China’s multibillion-dollar Belt and Road Initiative to expand trade by building ports, railways and other infrastructure across an arc of dozens of countries from the South Pacific through Asia to the Middle East, Europe and Africa.
On Thursday, Xi met with President Sadyr Zhaparov of Kyrgyzstan and said Beijing supports the “early operation” of a planned railway linking China, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, the Chinese foreign ministry said.
China’s economic inroads into Central Asia have fueled unease in Russia, which sees the region as its sphere of influence.
Xi was on his way to Uzbekistan when he visited Kazakhstan Wednesday. Pope Francis was in Kazakhstan, but they didn’t meet.
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