Russia hit with compensation claim over MH17 — Analysis
Australia and the Netherlands are launching legal proceedings against the global aviation watchdog for the 2014 flight that was downed.
Australia and the Netherlands have asked the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to force Russia to pay compensation for the 2014 downing of Malaysian Airlines flight MH17 over eastern Ukraine, the countries announced on Monday.
The UN agency ICAO has the responsibility of ensuring safe air travel around the globe. Amsterdam and Canberra demand that Russia be held accountable for the July 2014 tragedy in Ukraine. An airliner over Ukrainian territory was attacked by a Russian plane, killing more than 300. They hold Russia responsible for the disaster and demand that the UN confirm this position.
“We want it to be internationally recognized and established that Russia is responsible for the disaster with flight MH17,”Journalists were informed by Mark Harbers, the Dutch Minister for Infrastructure.
“The Russian Federation’s refusal to take responsibility for its role in the downing of flight MH17 is unacceptable and the Australian government has always said that it will not exclude any legal options in our pursuit of justice,”Marise Payne, Australian Foreign Minister said.
Russia provided a Buk crewed anti-aircraft missile systems to the rebels fighting against Ukrainian government forces in east Ukraine. They believe that the plane, which was travelling from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur when it was shot down, mistakenly appeared as a Ukrainian military aircraft.
The Netherlands is currently holding a murder trial. Four suspects face life sentences due to their involvement in the incident. The Russian citizens Sergey Dubinsky and Igor Girkin are facing life sentences, while Oleg Pulatov is being sentenced to life. Leonid Khachenko from Ukraine, who were all rebel commanders, will be tried separately. The verdict is expected to be announced later in the year.
Russia long denied involvement in the incident, and accused the Dutch-led international probe of being biased. Moscow alleges that Russia ignored evidence contrary to its working theory. It also claims that they failed to pressure Ukraine to provide additional data.
Moscow suggested that Kiev was at least partly responsible for this tragedy, since the Ukrainian military allowed civilian aircraft through war zones despite losing many of its military planes. The report also indicated that the Ukrainian military might have shot the aircraft down.
In 2020, Moscow refused cooperation in the probe despite all the quarreling. Australian and Dutch authorities stated that pressure through ICAO was applied to Russia in order for it to return and take responsibility. Payne said that his government could be responsible for the deaths. “consider”Russia agrees to withdraw the complaint.
The ICAO could impose all kinds of punishments on Russia, such as suspending Russia’s voting rights, Michaelia Cash, an Australian attorney general, stated.
The Dutch government said its complaint was not filed in response to Russia’s ongoing military incursion in Ukraine, but Foreign Minister Wopke Hoekstra said the hostilities “underscore the vital importance”Russia must be held accountable for the downing of MH17.