Colombia’s presidential front-runner Gustavo Petro is looking on ideological allies throughout Latin America and the world to affix him in forming a brand new bloc to steer the economic system away from fossil fuels.
Oil and coal at present account for practically half of Colombia’s exports, however Petro says if he turns into president this yr, he’ll push to begin phasing out these industries in favor of a knowledge-based, tourism-driven economic system. If Colombia instantly halts oil exploration, however continues to supply the crude it’s already drilling, it might have 12 years to handle the transition, he stated in an interview from Bogota.
Senator Petro, 61, stated his imaginative and prescient entails “a grand coalition of powers that may converse way more strongly in a worldwide context to combat towards local weather change, and to transition Latin America towards economies which might be decarbonized, productive and primarily based on data.”
Such an alliance will hopefully embrace Chile’s president-elect Gabriel Boric, and Brazil’s Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, he stated Thursday. It might not embrace Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who he stated favors extractive industries.
Petro stated he just lately spoke to Spain’s Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez about his proposal.
Whereas such a worldwide alliance wouldn’t be a brand new idea — world leaders have been assembly for years to attempt to minimize fossil gasoline dependence—it’s uncommon for a growing nation that’s extremely depending on power exports to be so obsessed with sacrificing its greatest supply of overseas forex.
The peso weakened probably the most in rising markets on Friday, to as little as 4,015 per greenback, as merchants reacted to Petro’s feedback.
“The market didn’t like these remarks, given the significance of oil each for nationwide output and the present account,” Banco de Bogota stated in a notice.
The rise of inexperienced politics implies powerful selections in a area whose economies rely on oil and mining. Petro argues that Colombia can part out fossil gasoline manufacturing with out jeopardizing the combat towards poverty and toddler malnutrition.
Attracting vacationers to expertise the nation’s pure magnificence provides the perfect alternative to switch misplaced oil revenues however, for this to occur, the nation wants peace, he stated.
5 years after the Marxist guerrilla group often known as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, laid down its weapons, the countryside continues to be overrun with unlawful armed teams. Petro stated that swift negotiations with dissident FARC teams who turned their again on the peace course of, and the guerrilla drive often known as the ELN, might dismantle these organizations.
Petro himself was a member of the guerrilla drive often known as M-19, however demobilized greater than three many years in the past.
If he wins, he can be the primary leftist ever to control Colombia, although he says that “left-wing” and “right-wing” are actually out of date twentieth century phrases. The brand new fault line is between the “politics of life”, which defends the atmosphere, and the “politics of demise”, which advocates financial fashions primarily based on the extraction of fossil fuels, in his view.
For example of a profitable economic system from which Colombia may study, Petro cited South Korea, which grew to become rich with out many pure assets.
A ballot printed final month confirmed Petro main with 25%, greater than double the assist of his closest rival, impartial candidate Rodolfo Hernandez, who had 11%. Colombians vote in Might, with a doable runoff in June. Congressional elections are scheduled for March.
Petro’s environmentalist proposals would signify a radical departure for one of many world’s greatest coal exporters, the place deforestation of the Amazon by cattle ranchers is surging. However since he’s unlikely to command a majority in congress, he might discover it tough to advance his financial agenda if he wins.
Colombia produces greater than 700,000 barrels of crude a day, making it the largest South American producer after Brazil and Venezuela. A lot of it’s delivered by state-owned Ecopetrol SA.
Partially due to Petro’s sturdy exhibiting within the polls, Colombian belongings are buying and selling with vital threat premium and traders will stay cautious till that adjustments, Barclays economists Alejandro Arreaza and Juan Prada wrote in a report printed this week. The peso has weakened 13% during the last yr, the worst efficiency in rising markets after the Turkish lira and the Argentine peso.
Petro says he can’t be held liable for market strikes which have occurred when he isn’t in workplace.
On fiscal coverage, he takes a conservative, orthodox strategy, however holds much less standard views in different areas.
As mayor of Bogota from 2012 to 2015 he minimize debt, and now says Colombia must decrease its fiscal deficit. To do that, he proposes taxing “fertile, unused land” and a “substantial” improve within the levy on dividends.
The candidate additionally urged Colombia’s central financial institution to not increase rates of interest any extra, even when the U.S. Federal Reserve begins to tighten coverage.
“If rates of interest rise in Colombia, the financial restoration is killed off,” Petro stated. “In the event that they go up, the capability for productive funding within the nation decreases as a result of it shifts towards different forms of funding of a extra speculative and monetary sort, than of a productive form.”
Colombia’s central financial institution has raised rates of interest by 1.25 proportion level since September, to three%, in a bid to rein in inflation which has surged above its goal vary. Economists count on extra will increase this yr.
After he left the guerrillas for democratic politics, Petro gained prominence within the senate as a critic of Alvaro Uribe, who was president from 2002-2010. As mayor, Petro boosted subsidies on water and bus fares for the poor.
Within the final elections 4 years in the past, he made it to the second spherical, however misplaced to the present President Ivan Duque. Since then, he has been again within the senate.
Elsewhere within the Andes, Peruvians final yr elected Pedro Castillo from the socialist Peru Libre celebration to the presidency, whereas Boric, a former pupil chief who describes himself as a reasonable socialist, was voted president of Chile.
Petro, if he wins, can be a part of that change.
“My authorities might be one in all transitions,” Petro stated. “From extraction to manufacturing, from authoritarianism to democracy, from violence to peace.”
—With help from Malu Poveda.