Sen. Lindsey Graham, South Carolina’s senator introduced Tuesday a bill that would ban abortions in the US after 15 weeks. This is the largest step taken by Republicans since the Supreme Court ruled against abortion. Roe v. Wade.
The bill “would say after 15 weeks, no abortion on demand, except in cases of rape, incest or to save the life of the mother,” Graham said at a news conference. “That should be where America is at.”
Graham had repeatedly said that Graham should be overturned by the new legislation. Roe would allow each state to decide its policy on abortion, and argued that would be the “most constitutionally sound” way of dealing with abortion. On Tuesday, he said the new bill is meant to unify Republicans’ position on abortion and described the legislation as a response to Democrats’ failed efforts to re-establish national protections for abortion. “After they introduced the bill to define who they are, I thought it’d be nice to introduce a bill to define who we are,” Graham said.
Yet far from uniting Republicans around a shared position, Graham’s bill, called the Protecting Pain-Capable Unborn Children from Late-Term Abortions Act, exposes fissures on the right over abortion policy post-Roe. It’s an attempt to find a balance between the most conservative Republicans and activists who want to fully ban abortion and other conservatives who want to stick with more moderate limits.
He announced the bill alongside Marjorie Dannenfelser, president of Susan B. Anthony Pro-Life America, and other prominent anti-abortion leaders, and called the measure “eminently reasonable” on Tuesday. Graham was not present with other anti-abortion organizations, like Students for Life of America. Students for Life of America has been advocating for stricter laws, including a ban on abortions after six weeks. “The 15-week protection measure is not our goal, but part of a journey,” Students for Life President Kristan Hawkins said in a statement. “The Pro-Life Generation will not rest until even more lives can be saved from a tragic death even from the beginning of pregnancy.” Many leaders at the event also indicated they would like to go further, with Jeanne Mancini, president of March for Life, describing Graham’s bill as the “bare minimum” of what she would like to see.
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While Democrats hold Congress, the measure has little chance of moving forward. Graham indicated Tuesday that he expected a vote regarding the 15-week abortion ban if Republicans win the House and Senate midterms. But Senate Republican Leader Mitch McConnell indicated shortly after Graham’s announcement that he might not want to bring the bill to a vote. “I think most of the members of my conference prefer that this be dealt with at the state level,” McConnell said.
Democrats and abortion rights activists disagree with the idea of using a 15 week ban to provide a neutral ground for conservatives. Reproductive rights advocates critiqued the bill’s title for using the name “late-term,” a non-scientific phrase that has historically referred to abortions after at least 20 weeks of pregnancy. “15 weeks is not ‘late term,’ particularly given the significant challenges to access around the country,” Christina Reynolds, vice president of communications at Emily’s List, wroteFollow us on Twitter.
Abortions occur most often before 15 weeks. The few that happen after that time are usually patients with fetal anomalies, other health issues, or people who were unaware they were pregnant.
The U.S. is not a country that supports strict abortion bans. In fact, a Pew Research Center poll found 62% Americans support abortion legalization in any or most cases. 38% of Republicans agree. The Wall Street Journal JournalNear the end of August, a poll found that 57% Americans would oppose the ban on abortion after 15-weeks if it had exemptions for the health and safety of the unborn child. It did not include rape nor incest. Graham’s bill contains exceptions for abortions “necessary to save the life of a pregnant woman,” but does not include situations that endanger the pregnant person’s health and does not allow exceptions for life-threatening “psychological or emotional conditions.” It includes exceptions for rape and incest if the patient proves they obtained counseling or medical treatment for the rape at least 48 hours before the abortion or reported the incident to law enforcement. A physician who breaks the law can face up to five years imprisonment.
The White House criticized the bill as “wildly out of step with what Americans believe” in a statement from press secretary Karine Jean-Pierre, and Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer called Graham’s proposal “a radical bill to institute a nationwide restriction on abortions.”
“For the hard right, this has never been about states’ rights. This has never been about letting Texas choose its own path while California takes another,” Schumer said on the Senate floor Tuesday. “For MAGA Republicans, this has always been about making abortion illegal everywhere.”
Since the Supreme Court’s decision in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health OrganizationAbout a third have banned or greatly restricted abortion, while many others have passed laws with no exceptions to rape and incest. There have been signs of political backlash, as voters in Kansas soundly rejected a ballot initiative in August that would have amended the state’s constitution to say it did not include a right to abortion.
With measure’s like Graham’s, abortion opponents hope they are “moving the Overton window” of what Republicans are pitching to voters as moderate abortion bans, says Mary Ziegler, a law professor at University of California, Davis who focuses on abortion. “You can’t just pretend that politics stopped existing when Dobbs came down.”
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