China reports lowest birth rate in decades — Analysis
China’s birthrate has fallen to 8.52 babies per 1,000 in 2020. This is the lowest level since 1978.
According to the Yearbook 2021, published by the country’s National Bureau of Statistics, the death rate last year was 7.07 per 1,000 people. This means the natural rate of population growth is now at an all-time low of 1.45, compared with 3.32 in 2019. After decades of economic changes and family planning, the birth rate has steadily declined since 2016.
China’s spring census data shows that 12 million infants were born in 2020. It is the lowest figure since 1961. China is facing a serious problem with its aging population. 18.8% of the population are 60-plus.
The Chinese authorities acknowledge that despite recent decisions to permit all couples to have another child, and other steps taken to increase the birth rate, an increasing number Chinese citizens from all ethnicities are opting to get married later and have smaller families because of economic and educational considerations.
It was 814.3 marriage registrations per 10,000 couples this year.
“My country will experience major changes in the next 10 years, including a significant turning point that could lead to negative growth.,” warned He Dan, the director of the China Population Development and Research Center, in an article published earlier this year.
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